PANEL PRODUCTS

Plywood is a common building material, found in most modern building projects. It is made from sheets of pressed veneer (thin sheets of wood). Plywood is strong, versatile, flexible and cheap --- characteristics that make it a top choice for builders. The characteristics of plywood can be changed by using different bonding agents and grades of wood.

Plywood has high strength- and stiffness-to-weight ratios. One reason plywood is so strong is that it is made of many sheets, or veneers, of wood particles. The more layers, the stronger it is. Plywood is graded from A to D based on the quality of the face material. A higher graded plywood costs more money but also does the job better.

Because plywood doesn't shrink, crack or warp easily it can be used in climates with huge temperature and condition variations. Unprotected plywood molds and becomes damaged, so usually a protective layer of paint and top coat are placed on plywood.

Plywood is a versatile material. It can be nailed to edges easily and even though it is strong and made of many layers, it is easy to cut with proper equipment. Plywood is relatively lightweight and can be lifted by one or two people. It can be nailed or screwed into place, sanded or cut down to size. Plywood can also be glued into place. Working with plywood takes only basic carpentry skills.

Plywood comes in several different types for different applications. Medium density fiber core hardwood plywood is made from heat-pressed wood dust. This is a heavier type of plywood that is sometimes covered with a wood veneer. One drawback to this type of plywood is that it is heavier than other kinds. Medium and high density overlay plywood consists of a core, and then a pressed fiber material is laid over that core. This type has a lower weight than the medium density fiber core hardwood plywood but is also more stable than other types. CDX plywood is a common type used for construction. For example, it's commonly found in walls and roof sheathing.*

Feel free to browse by wood type in the pull-down menu below or alphabetically:

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

ACX

High quality with good grain front face; back face considerably more rough

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Aeromatic Cedar

Origin: Eastern USA

Working Qualities: Dense, moderate to work being very durable; moth resistant

Uses: Pencils, boxes, linen chests

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Alder

Origin: Pacific coast of North America

Working Qualities: Medium density, soft and weak, stable. Susceptible to insect attack. Easy to work

Uses: Turnery, carving, kitchen cabinets, plywood, veneers

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Bamboo

Origin: China

Working Qualities: Moderate to work with a medium density

Uses: Tables, flooring, veneers

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Beech

Origin: Eastern North America

Working Qualities: Dense, medium strength and stability; susceptible to burns. Easy to work

Uses: Plywood, veneers, furniture

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Birch

Origin: Southeastern Canada and Northeastern United States

Working Qualities: Strong with low stability; easy to work. Good for steam-bending

Uses: Flooring, high quality furniture and plywood

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CDX

Lower grade plywood with noticeable imperfections; moderately resistant to the elements

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Cherry

Origin: Eastern North America

Working Qualities: Medium strength and stability qualities; easy to work

Uses: Furniture, musical instruments, veneers

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Douglas Fir

Origin: North America and Europe

Working Qualities: Medium density; stiff and stable

Uses: Plywood, construction

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Formica

Also known as plastic laminate, formica is a finishing material used for covering surfaces in bedrooms, kitchens, countertops and cabinets. It is made of several materials that are bonded together under high amounts of pressure

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Hickory

Origin: Eastern North America

Working Qualities: Hard to work; very strong and durable.

Uses: Sporting goods, furniture, tools

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Knotty Pine


Origin: Eastern United States; Areas of Canada

Working Qualities: Works easily with both machine and hand tools; Good nailing and screwing properties

Uses: Paneling, flooring and furniture; Log homes

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Lauan

Origin: Philippines

Working Qualities: Easy to work, easy to dye

Uses: Decorative plywood

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Mahogany

Origin: Tropical Africa

Working Qualities: Stable with medium strength qualities and durability

Uses: Plywood, furniture

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Maple

Origin: Canada and Eastern USA

Working Qualities: Dense and strong with average durability. Hard to work with a tough surface

Uses: Heavy duty flooring, furniture

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MDF

Medium Density fiberboard

Working Qualities: Easy to work, easy to dye

Uses: Interior decorating i.e. cabinets, furniture, built-ins

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Melanime

Plastic coating

Working Qualities: Strong and dense; easy to clean

Uses: Interior design; cabinets

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Osb

Oriented Strand Board

Working Qualities: Strong and dense

Uses: Universal use with projects using C-D rated woods

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Particle Board

Many spare pieces of wood and sawdust glued together in sheets

Working Qualities: Weak

Uses: Temporary shelving; garage projects

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Poplar

Origin: Eastern United States

Working Qualities: Easy to work with a low density and softness

Uses: Miscellaneous utility wood; veneer, paper, pallets

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Red Oak

Origin: United States and Canada

Working Qualities: Easy to work; average strength, density and stability

Uses: Furniture, flooring and plywood

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Russian Pine

Produced with softwood pine veneers, it is a very stable product with very little tension. It is suitable for applications requiring flatness and good strength.

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Teak

Origin: Asia and Africa

Working Qualities: Average to work; strong but brittle with medium density

Uses: Furniture, flooring, boat-building

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Vinyl

Plywood product of different woods with a thin overlayer of vinyl in a variety of colors

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Walnut

Origin: Australian Rainforests

Working Qualities: Hard to work with brittle features. Dense

Uses: High quality furniture, flooring and veneers

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White Ash

Origin: Eastern US

Working Qualities: Machines well, is good in nailing, screwing and gluing; Good overall strength properties.

Uses: Furniture, flooring, doors, moldings, kitchen cabinets, paneling

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White Oak

Origin: Eastern United States

Working Qualities: Moderate to low density, easy to work

Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, flooring and veneer

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*Source: www.ehow.com                  

 

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